The United Nations marks the 75th anniversary of its founding this year. It faces increasing challenges in dealing with global warming and weapons build-ups.
The UN was established in October 1945 with the aim of saving future generations from the scourge of war. Representatives from 50 countries signed the Charter, including allied nations that were victorious in World War Two.
UN membership has since increased to 193 states. Their biggest challenge remains global warming.
At the COP25 climate meeting in Spain in December, the UN urged nations to set higher targets for cutting greenhouse gas emissions. But the conference failed to reach agreement.
In an interview with NHK last month, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said climate change is a crisis today, not a problem for the future.
He has called on the world’s governments to be “courageous enough” to face the issue of global warming.
But countries have found it more difficult to unite in tackling global warming since the United States abandoned the Paris Agreement.
International conflicts have also proved increasingly thorny. Divisions between the US, Russia and China have hindered the UN Security Council in presenting effective solutions to international conflicts.
An escalating arms race among the three nations makes the challenge more difficult.
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